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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 19 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考資料 中文部分 行政院經濟建設委員會(1996).中華民國台灣地區民國84-125年人口推計 。 內政部統計處(1997).老人狀況調查報告。 吳淑瓊、江東亮(1995).台灣地區長期照護的問題與對策.中華衛誌,14(3),246-255。
  2. 楊漢泉(1995).我國長期照護需求與服務體系之政策分析。 中華民國長期照護專業協會(1999).台閩地區長期照護名冊。
  3. 劉素瑛(2000).護理人員對薪酬制度之反應與相關因素之探討-以台中某區域醫院為例.中國醫藥學院醫務管理研究所碩士論文。 行政院主計處(1999).中華民國台灣地區88年家庭收支調查報告。 中華民國長期照護專業協會(2000).台閩地區長期照護名冊。 英文部分 Brody SJ,Masciocchi C(1980).Data for long-term care planning by health systems agencies.Am J Public Health .70:1194-8.
  4. Brody, E. M.(1985). The social aspects of nursing home care. In E. L. Schneider Et al.(eds.). The teaching nursing home:A new approach to geriatric,research, education, and Clinical care. New York:Raven Press. Liang,J., & Tu,E.(1986).Estimating lifetime risk of nursing home residency: A further note. The Geromtologist, 26,560-563.
  5. Donabedian, A.(1980).Ouality and cost:choices and responsibilities. Inquiry 25:90-99.
Times Cited (14) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾淑媛(2005)。日本「訪問介護」服務業經營模式之探討。淡江大學日本研究所碩士班學位論文。2005。1-183。 
  2. 江文忍(2010)。護理之家住民之自我照顧行為及其相關因素探討。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2010。1-150。 
  3. 沈佩曄(2012)。以國際健康功能分類系統(ICF)評量不同長期照護機構腦中風住民之試用性。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-171。 
  4. 陳宛伶(2015)。臺中市護理之家用餐空間設計與規劃之研究。臺中科技大學室內設計系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-146。 
  5. 朱淑惠(2010)。宜蘭地區實施遠距健康照護服務發展計畫之評估研究。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-105。 
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