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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 池進通(1989).企業員工事業發展行為模式-採個人權力發展觀點.政治大學企業管理研究所博士論文。
  2. 呂明蕙(1998).護理長向下影響行為之探討:比較護理長與護理人員知覺之差異.台北醫學院護理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 袁宗綺(1984).59秒員工.天下雜誌,第37期,p133. 高尚仁、伍錫康.(1988).組織行為學.台北:三民。p183。 黃建銘(1995).組織內員工向上政治行為與工作滿足之關係研究.淡江大學管理科學研究所碩士論文。 賴秀鳳(1993). 台灣企業界部屬影響上司的方法與管道之研究.靜宜大學管理科學研究所碩士論文。 盧成皆(1998).關於Cronbach*s Alpha 的使用與闡釋.護理研究,6(1),82-89。
  4. Ansari, M. A.,& Kapoor, A.(1987).Organizational Context and upward influence tactics. Organizational Behavior And Human Decision Processes,40,39-49.
  5. 7). New York : Free Press . Falbo, T.(1977). Multidimensional scaling of power strategies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,35(8),537-547.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尤怡文(2004)。國民中學教師向上影響策略與學校效能關係之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2004。1-211。
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