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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考文獻 中文部分 王崇禮、侯勝茂(民87)。臺大醫院實習醫師訓練。醫學教育2(3),P.79-80。
  2. 王崇禮、李宇宙、楊培銘、侯勝茂(民86)。台大醫院實習醫師訓練現況與成效。醫學教育1(3),P. 297-305。
  3. 宋瑞樓(民80)。醫師教育。當代醫學18(5),P.436-41。
  4. 李明濱、謝博生(民88)。醫學生之醫療態度教育。醫學教育3(1),P.1-2。
  5. 李志成、凌琪翔譯(民88)。社會科學論文寫作指導。台北:桂冠。 吳芝儀、李奉儒譯(民84)。質的評鑑及研究。台北:桂冠。 林明燦等(民88)。實習醫師臨床智能考試。醫學教育3(3),P.238-42。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖偉迪(2010)。社會工作碩士班研究生實習內涵之研究─期待與實際之間。政治大學社會工作研究所學位論文。2010。1-184。
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