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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Glossary of Periodontal Term. 3th Edition. 1992
  2. 4.Aiba S, Minoura N, Taguchi C, et al. Covalent immobilization of chitosan derivatives onto polymeric film surfaces with the use of photosensitive hetero-bifunctional crosslinking reagent. Biomaterials. 1987;8:481-488
  3. 7.Pitura S, Tal H, Soldinger M, et al. Collagen membranes prevent apical migration of epithelium during periodontal wound healing. Journal of Periodontal Research. 1987; 22: 331-333.
  4. 8.Blumental NM. The Use of Collagen Membranes to Guide Regeneration of New Connective Tissue Attachment on Dogs. J Periodontol. 1988;59:830-836.
  5. 9.Pitura S, Tal H, Soldinger M, et al. Partial Regeneration of Periodontal Tissues Using Collagen Barriers. J Periodontol. 1988; 59:380-386.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張惟閎(2008)。新型牙周再生膜之研製與評估。中臺科技大學醫學工程暨材料研究所學位論文。2008。1-70。
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