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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊,世界衛生組織生活品質問卷台灣版問卷發展小組,2001。 台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組(姚開屏執筆)(1999,2000).台灣簡明版衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊(第一版)。 邱亨嘉、李易蓁、王俊聞、黃志賢、張瑞根(2001).全人工髖關節置換術病人之療效與生活品質評估-以三家醫學中心主要主治醫師病人為例.台灣醫誌,20(4),301-310。
  2. 邱艷芬、吳巧雲、黃俊雄(1998). 全膝關節置換手術緊要路徑之建立與評估. 慈濟醫學,10,305-310。
  3. 林榮第、姚開屏、游芝亭、王榮德(1997). 健康相關生活品質之效用測量方法信度與效度的評估:以血液透析之末期患者為例. 中華衛誌, 26(5), 404-416。
  4. 姚開屏(2002).健康相關生活品質概念與測量原理之簡介.台灣醫學會,6(2),183-192。
  5. 姚開屏(2000).簡介與評論常用的一般性健康相關生活品質量表兼談對未來研究的建議.中國測驗學會測驗年刊,47(2),111-138。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂昌翰(2014)。高雄市中輟個案管理中心個案之研究。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-127。 
  2. 李綉彩(2004)。個案管理介入門診第2型糖尿病人之照護成效探討--某區域醫院為例。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2004。1-111。
  3. 賴瑋諭(2007)。應用人工智慧於醫療資源之輔助規劃研究-以人工全膝關節置換術為例。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-124。
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