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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱文洋,〈中小型醫院經營策略與營運績效之探討-以平衡計分卡觀點分析〉,國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所,碩士論文,民90.6。
  2. 彭朱如,〈醫療產業中跨組織合作關係類型與管理機制之研究〉,國立政治大學企業管理研究所,博士論文,1998。 彭朱如、王為元、張錦文、黃松共,〈從跨組織關係理論觀點探討醫院間的合作策略〉,Chung Yuan Journal,25卷,第4期,頁1-16,民86。 彭朱如、王維元、張錦文,〈醫院對外合作策略與績效評估〉,醫院,頁31-2,民87。
  3. 黃棟樑,〈我國電腦網路設備廠商關鍵成功因素與績效評估制度 - 以平衡計分卡分析〉,私立元智大學管理研究所,碩士論文,民87。
  4. Barrow C. Implementing an executive information system: Seven steps for success. Journal of Information Systems Management 1990; 171(5): 122-32.
  5. Cathy SH. The role of strategic alliances in the development of technology. Technovation 1994; 14(4): 243-57.
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