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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 行政院衛生署資訊中心。“設置及營運「醫療憑證管理中心」實施計畫書”。2002.2。
  2. [11] 林宜宏、李俊銘、劉德坤。 ”VPN 虛擬私有網路入門” 。財團法人資訊工業策進會,網路通訊雜誌。1999.2。
  3. [19] A. Marie, “Virtual Private Network Security”, Network Vol 2000, No. 7, Jul, 2000, pp. 11-14
  4. [20] B. Hancook, “Virtual Private Networks: What, Why, Where and How”, Network Security, Aug. 1997, pp. 8-11
  5. [21] Bellovin, S., and Cheswick, W. “Network Firewalls”, IEEE Communications Magazine, September 1994.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 涂志豪(2012)。智慧型手機應用於網路保險箱之設計。崑山科技大學數位生活科技研究所學位論文。2012。1-63。 
  2. 陳威銘(2006)。企業虛擬網路下電子病歷傳送機制。亞洲大學資訊工程學系碩士班學位論文。2006。1-45。
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