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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許秀卿、胡文郁、莊榮彬、邱泰源、陳慶餘(2002)?台灣老年癌末病患的症狀?台灣醫學,6,465-473。
  2. 許金川(1991)?肝細胞癌之早期發現?內科專科醫師繼續教育講習會講義?台北:榮民總醫院。 許金川(2001)?肝炎、肝硬化、肝癌三部曲?中國醫藥研究叢刊,22,13-22。
  3. 陳敏峻、趙子傑、黃秀英、陳秋慧、陳瑞儀、胡文郁、鄭春秋、周繡玲、許麗珠、楊克平、顧乃平(2002)?癌症護理學?台北:華杏。 曾光毅、李福春(2000)?肝癌的預防與治療?基層醫學,15(2),34-39。
  4. 趙美珍(2004) ?肝硬化病患疲倦與睡眠品質之相關因素探討?未發表的碩士論文,臺北醫學大學,台北。
  5. 虞秀紅(1997)?接受導管肝動脈化學藥物栓塞術肝癌病患之生活品質?未發表的碩士論文,高雄醫學大學,高雄。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張靜宜(2008)。肝癌病人放射線累積劑量、細胞激素濃度與症狀嚴重度相關性之縱貫分析。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-122。 
  2. 武芮竹(2011)。肝癌病患人格特質與疾病不確定感之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-68。 
  3. 吳怡蓁(2008)。腦下垂體腫瘤術後病患之症狀困擾與健康狀態之探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2008。1-97。 
  4. 江淑華(2006)。術後頭頸部癌症病人之症狀群集現象。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-143。
  5. 傅美瓊(2007)。癌症病人血清細胞激素濃度與存活期相關性之探討。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-107。
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