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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Abraham. R. T. Cell cycle checkpoint signaling through the ATM and ATR kinases. Genes Dev, 15, 21177-2196., 2001
  2. 3. Amiri-Besheli, B., B. Khambay, S. Cameron, M. L. Deadman, and T. M. Butt. Iner-and intra-specific variation in destruxin production by insect pathogenic Metarhizium spp., and its significance to phthogenesis. Mycological Research 104, 447-452., 2000
  3. 4. Buchwaldt, L., and H. Green. Phytotoxicity of destruxin B and its possible role in the pathogenesis of Alternaria brassicae. Plant pathology 41, 55-63., 1992
  4. 6. Cai, P. et al. Destruxin-A4 Chlorohydrin, a novel destruxin from fungus OS-F68576 : Isolation, structure determination, and biological cativity as an inducer of erythropoietin., J. Nat. Prod. 61 290-293., 1998
  5. 7. Calmes, M. et al. Synthesis and biological activity of a detruxin analogue:D-Lac-6 destruxin E. Int. J. Pept. Prot. Res. 41 528-535., 1993
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳詠晴(2011)。黑殭菌素B誘導人類肺腺癌細胞凋亡經由Bcl-2家族分子活化粒線體路徑。中山醫學大學醫學分子毒理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-87。 
  2. 王盈涵(2007)。黑殭菌素B (Destruxin B)、愛瑞莎(Iressa)合併使用對抗肺癌細胞之腫瘤機制探討。臺北醫學大學醫學檢驗暨生物技術學系所學位論文。2007。1-69。 
  3. 呂佩珊(2005)。黑殭菌素B (Destruxin B)對大腸癌細胞HT-29之抑制效果及機制。臺北醫學大學醫學檢驗暨生物技術學系所學位論文。2005。1-81。
  4. 游雅琪(2007)。黑殭菌素 (Destruxin B)對於人類急性和慢性淋巴癌之抗癌機制探討。臺北醫學大學醫學檢驗暨生物技術學系所學位論文。2007。1-70。
  5. 劉芷岑(2014)。黑殭菌及黑殭菌素與小皮傘及其代謝物的培養觀察與初步探討。朝陽科技大學應用化學系生化科技碩博士班學位論文。2014。1-89。
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