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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Albano E, Tomasi A, Goria-Gatti L and Iannone A(1989)Free radical activation of monomethyl and dimethyl hydrazines in isolated hepatocytes and liver microsomes. Free Radic Biol Med 6: 3-8.
  2. Ashwin JL, Harris PG and Alexander JC (1991)Effects of thermally oxidized canola oil and chronic low ethanol consumption on aspects of hepatic oxidative stress in rats. Nutr Res 11: 79-90.
  3. Bartsch H, Nair J and Owen RW(1999)Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids and cancers of the breast and colorectum: emerging evidence for their role as risk modifiers. Carcinogenesis 20: 2209 -2218.
  4. Belinsky M and Jaiswal AK (1993)NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (DT diaphorase) expression in normal and tumor tissue. Cancer Meta Rev 12: 103-117.
  5. Bennett A and Del Tacca M(1975)Proceedings: Prostaglandins in human colonic carcinoma. Gut 16: 409. Benson AM, Hunkeler MJ and Talalay P(1980)Increase of NAD(P) H:quinone reductase by dietary antioxidants:possible role in the protection against carcinogenesis and toxicity. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 77: 5216-5520.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭雅分(2005)。探討紅甘藷葉對餵食炸油老鼠結直腸癌化生成之效應。臺北醫學大學保健營養學研究所學位論文。2005。1-99。
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