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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 158 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王保進(2002).視窗版SPSS與行為科學研究.台北:心理。 池汾玫(2002).冠狀動脈心臟病患憂鬱程度和自我照顧效能之相關研究.未發表的碩士論文,國立師範大學,臺北。 行政院衛生署(2002).中華民國91年臺灣地區衛生統計(一).台北:三民。  戎謹如、蕭淑貞(1994).老年人健康功能評估問卷及量表之簡介,醫學繼續教育,4,86-92。
  2. 汪素敏、顧乃平、林幸台、魏崢(1998).心臟移植術後病人症狀困擾、社會支持與自我照顧行為相關之探討.護理研究,6(1),4-18。
  3. 李彩華(1998).身體活動與死亡率的相關探討.中華體育,11(4),104-110。
  4. 何瓊華(2001).慢性阻塞性肺疾病老年患者出院二星期內日常活動之經驗.未發表的碩士論文,臺北醫學大學,臺北。 林佳勳、呂明仁、洪啟仁(2002).無體外循環之冠狀動脈繞道手術-單一醫院的經驗.中華民國心臟學會雜誌,18(3),125-130。
  5. 林婷如(1998).系統性護理指導對冠狀動脈繞道術病患出院後自我照顧成效之探討.未發表的碩士論文,國防醫學院,臺北。 林瑞興(1999).增加身體活動量對老年人的重要性.大專體育,46,87-93。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭雯芳(2011)。探討冠狀動脈繞道手術後病患身體功能的改變。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-76。 
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