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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 21 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱艷芬(1990) .手術室護理.台北:文軒。 邱文達、林曉蕾(2001).醫療品質的新發展.新臺北護理期刊3(2),1-6。
  2. 陳志明、陳穆寬、張正權(2003).以內視鏡輔助之微創性甲狀腺切除術治療甲狀腺腫瘤.臺灣耳鼻喉頭頸外科雜誌38(3).95-100。
  3. 張文英、蕭淑代(2000)。經濟成本分析的臨床應用.新臺北護理期刊2(2),1-3。
  4. 蔡明翰、陳耀昌 (1996)。脾臟:非典型慢性骨髓增生性疾病.當代醫學 26(3),60-61。
  5. 英文部份 Bellantone, R., Lombardi,C P., Raffaelli, M., Rubino ,F.,Boscherini, M.,& Perilli,W.(1999). Minimally invasive, totally gasless video-assisted thyroid lobectomy. The American of Surgery 177(4), 342-343.
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