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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中文部分 中華民國腎臟基金會(2006)?九十四年度臺灣地區透析總人數統計?摘自1月20日,2006, 王春葉、林佑樺、李憶農、陳靖博、林耀信(2002)?血液透析病患主要照顧者的負荷及其相關層面之探討?臺灣腎臟護理學會雜誌,1(1),31-46。
  2. 王麗玲、楊麗芬(2004)?末期腎病患者選擇透析模式的影響層面?腎臟與透析,16(4),241-247。
  3. 王靜慧(2002)?交通意外事故受傷患者之創傷後壓力症狀、憂鬱、焦慮與生活品質之追蹤探討?未發表的碩士論文,臺北護理學院,臺北。 江蕙英、鍾信心(1997)?血液透折病人疲憊感與社會支持、憂鬱傾向及血液生化檢驗值相關探討?護理研究,5(2),115-126。
  4. 朱宗信、謝博生(2004)?足量的血液透析?台灣醫學,8(1),138-142。
  5. 曲天尚(2004)?更年期婦女的運動階段、身體活動與知覺運動利益和障礙之探討?未發表的碩士論文,臺北醫學大學,臺北。 行政院衛生署(2002)?促進健康體能的方法?摘自9月1日,2005, 行政院衛生署(2006)?衛生統計資訊網?摘自7月9日,2006,死因摘要/94年/表1.xls 李碧霞(2001)?中年人運動階段、身體活動及其影響因素之研究?以臺北市中山區居民為例?未發表的博士論文,臺灣師範大學,臺北。 李瑜弘、王瑞霞(2001)?長期血液透析病患之無助感、社會支持與自我照顧行?之相關探討?護理研究,9(2),147-158。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭雅黛(2009)。居家規律運動訓練對血液透析病患的睡眠品質及身體活動功能之成效。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-102。
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