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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 潘志雄 ; 莊世杰 ; 翁慧卿 ; 潘豐泉(2013)。藥價調整政策對於過敏性鼻炎治療藥費之影響:以南部醫學中心2002年~2009年資料為例,寶建醫護與管理雜誌第十一卷1期,頁2-15
  2. 陳世雄(2013)。健保藥價政策與藥價黑洞之探討─藥品費用分配比率目標制分析性研究─。國立臺北大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班,碩士論文
  3. 江東亮(2002)。臺灣醫療保健支出之趨勢分析。臺灣衛誌 ,第二十一期,頁 157-63
  4. 林恆慶, 楊長興, 陳楚杰, & 黃昱瞳. (2003). 醫院權屬別對其論病例計酬醫療費用影響之研究—以剖腹生產為例. 慈濟醫學雜誌, 15(1), 55-61.
  5. 陳柏瑋、呂昭顯、譚慧芳. (2014)。 醫院非醫務活動收益之分析-以台灣非營利醫院為例. 臺灣公共衛生雜誌, 33(6), 597-608.
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