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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 103 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王建楠、吳重達 (2004)•繼發性骨質疏鬆症的診斷與防治•基層醫學,19(11),258-263。
  2. 王韋堯、周穆謙、翁能嬌 (2005)•資訊產品包裝緩衝結構體設計之應用模組•設計學研究,8(1),59-77。
  3. 石突正文 (2001)•骨質疏鬆症•台北:輕舟。
  4. 向肈英、賴裕和、吳志雄、陳美伶、黃采薇(2001)•探討衛教護理處置對乳癌婦女焦慮及術後疼痛改善之成效•新臺北護理期刊,3(1),91-102。
  5. 行政院衛生署國民健康局-健康久久衛生教育網(無日期)•「婦女更年期保健系列(五)儲存骨本享自在 骨質疏鬆與降低骨質流失方法」•2008年10月8日取自 /EducZone/edu_detail01.aspx?CatId=11168&Type=none
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 龔曉君(2010)。衛教手冊合併電話護理諮詢對住院骨質疏鬆高危險群防治之知識、罹患性認知、行為與骨質密度之改善成效。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-141。 
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