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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李震山(1999)•從生命權與自決權之關係論生前預囑與安寧照護之法律問題•中正大學法學集刊,2,325-350。
  2. 柯莉珊(2005)•教育介入對改變護理人員提供癌末病患人工營養與水分的知識、態度與行為意向成效之研究•未發表的碩士論文,臺灣大學,台北。
  3. 柯莉珊、胡文郁、邱泰源(2005)•提供癌末病患人工營養與水分之反思•安寧療護,10(2),125-138。
  4. 胡文郁、邱泰源、呂碧鴻、陳慶餘、謝長堯、陳月枝(2001)•醫護人員對「安寧緩和醫療條例」之教育需求•醫學教育,5(1),21-32。
  5. 胡文郁、楊嘉玲(2009)•生命末期之病情告知與預立照護計畫•護理雜誌,56(1),23-28。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江蓮瑩(2015)。加護病房護理人員的無效醫療經驗。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2015。1-95。 
  2. 黃代泱(2013)。影響加護病房老年重症病人面臨疾病末期時期成年子女簽署DNR同意書意願因素。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-71。 
  3. 劉怡伶(2012)。護理人員與照顧服務員簽署預立醫療指示之差異性探討-以南部某區域教學醫院為例。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2012。1-140。 
  4. 楊嘉玲(2012)。建立癌症病人預立醫療指示的行為準備度之預測模式。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2012。1-224。 
  5. 陳素敏(2011)。中高齡者規劃生前契約決策行為之探討。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2011。1-156。
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