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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 223 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛家舲、張玨(2004)•倫理困境與護理決策過程•護理雜誌,43(1),40-45。
  2. 王文芳、陳玉敏(2004)•家屬安置老人於長期照護機構之經驗•長期照護雜誌,8(3),327-344。
  3. 王秀姿、林季璉、黃怡文、陳秀如、熊淑菁(2003)•門診病患對醫師滿意度及其相關因素採討•彰化醫學,8(4),245-251。
  4. 王春葉、林佑樺、李憶農、陳靖博、林耀信(2002)•血液透析病患主要照顧者的負荷及其相關因素之探討•臺灣腎臟護理學會雜誌,1(1),31-46。
  5. 吳肖琪(1987)•泛談美國多體制醫療機構﹙MUS﹚及其對我國醫院之示範作用•中華民國公共衛生學會雜誌,7(1),8-14。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅大維(2009)。醫療照護市場中醫療結構面品質與結果面品質的相關性之研究。臺灣大學衛生政策與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-96。 
  2. 劉杜鎮(2007)。IDS架構下實地訪查與分級支付對呼吸照護病房照護品質的影響-以某地區醫院為例。亞洲大學長期照護研究所學位論文。2007。1-98。
  3. 林鳳卿(2009)。影響呼吸器依賴患者家屬對居家照護服務 滿意度之相關因素。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2009。1-97。
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