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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bittl, J. A., Wolfe, M. W., Roubin, G. S., Schweiger, M., Isner, J. M., Ferguson, J. J., . . . Adelman, B. (1995). Length of Hospital Stay After Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty: Clinical and Angiographic Predictors. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 25(2, Supplement 1), 392A-392A.
  2. Bramkamp, M., Radovanovic, D., Erne, P., & Szucs, T. D. (2007). Determinants of costs and the length of stay in acute coronary syndromes: a real life analysis of more than 10,000 patients. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther, 21(5), 389-398.
  3. Chen, C. S., Liu, T. C., Chiu, W. T., & Lin, H. C. (2007). Impact of hospital and physician characteristics on medical expenditures for acute myocardial infarction hospitalization. Int J Cardiol, 121(1), 127-129.
  4. Dudley, R. A., Harrell, F. E., Jr., Smith, L. R., Mark, D. B., Califf, R. M., Pryor, D. B., . . . Hlatky, M. (1993). Comparison of analytic models for estimating the effect of clinical factors on the cost of coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Journal of clinical epidemiology, 46(3), 261-271.
  5. Epstein, A. J., Polsky, D., Yang, F., Yang, L., & Groeneveld, P. W. (2011). Coronary Revascularization Trends in the United States, 2001-2008. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 305(17), 1769-1776.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施麗玲(2012)。實施Tw-DRGs支付制度對醫院資源耗用影響-以人工膝關節置換術為例。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2012。1-129。 
  2. 陳偉哲(2016)。Tw-DRGs支付制度對於醫療資源耗用之影響探討- 以南部某區域教學醫院 DRG 23402為例。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2016。1-80。
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