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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王雅玲、黃崇謙、楊啟賢(2006)•頭部外傷原因與醫療資源耗用•
  2. 行政院衛生署(2006)•中華民國衛生統計-公務統計•台北:作者。
  3. 邱艶芬(2000)•從腦灌流壓與腦組織的存活談頭部外傷病人的護理•
  4. 張玉霞(2003)•一位頭部外傷病患之護理經驗•榮總護理,20(2),
  5. 張瑛瑛、火真青(1999) •多重感覺刺激之發展及其臨床應用•護理
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林麗卿(Li-Ching Lin);邱艶芬(Yann-Fen C. Chao);林碧珠(Pi-Chu Lin)(2017)。家屬叮嚀方案對減輕加護病人焦慮和非計畫性拔管之成效。護理雜誌。64(5)。41-49。 
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