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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王拔群,石崇良,林仲志,楊漢湶,翁惠瑛,李偉強 (2007) 。台灣病人安全通報系統中管路滑脫事件之分析,臺灣醫學,11(2),194 -201。
  2. 王桂芸 (1995) 。呼吸機脫離失敗之相關因素及其因應措施。護理雜誌,42(2),20-27。
  3. 江昇達、王勝廣、高東煒、方文輝、張耀文、高森永、周稚傑(2011)。高齡患者長期住院醫療利用影響因子之探討。台灣老年醫學暨老年學雜誌,6(2),86-104。
  4. 江明珠、許玲女、陳翠娥、郭美玲 (1999) 。護理人員對身體約束知識與態度之探討。長庚護理。10 (1) ,42-50。
  5. 余宗仁 (1998) 。呼吸衰竭與呼吸治療。當代醫學,24(3),16-23。
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