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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁志音、陳怡君、曾明淑、潘文涵 (2001)。營養補充劑使用者之使用狀況與原因。台灣營誌,26,193-202。
  2. 王瑞蓮、杭極敏、吳幸娟、高美丁、章雅惠、潘文涵、蕭寧馨 (2004)。台灣地區老人營養健康狀況調查1999-2000老年人鎂營養狀況。行政院衛生福利部:台北市。
  3. 王瑞蓮、高美丁、曾明淑 (1995)。國人使用特殊補充品之狀況研究。中華民國營養學會雜誌,20,105-115。
  4. 王麗如 (2006)。台灣北部地區民眾對保健食品的認知、接受度及營養知識之探討。臺北醫學大學碩士論文,台北市。
  5. 行政院衛生福利部 (2002)。1993-1996國民營養健康狀況變遷調查。
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