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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林世崇、丁予安、曾春典、江志桓、江啟輝、唐高俊…尹彙文(2001).臺灣加護病房住出院標準草案之共識.中華民國重症醫學雜誌,3(3),198-210。
  2. 柯玲晶、譚醒朝、譚家惠(2007).Charlson共病指數對全民健康保險資料庫適用性之探討.臺灣公共衛生雜誌,26(6),491-498。
  3. 楊淑溫、劉介宇、廖松語(2008).加護病房護理人員對照顧瀕死病患態度及其影響因素探討.輔仁醫學期刊,6(4),163-173。
  4. 楊翠菱、李金杏、林小媚、林楷煌(2012).加護病房癌症患病人之預後與相關因素之探討.呼吸治療,11(2),55-55。
  5. 廖建彰、李采娟、林瑞雄、宋鴻樟(2006).2000年臺灣腦中風發 生率與盛行率的城鄉差異.臺灣公共衛生雜誌,25(3),223-230。
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