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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳美鳳、喻小珠、黃靜宜、蘇育德、賴鈺嘉(2000).某安寧療護單位癌末病人存活期之統計.台灣醫誌,10(4),202-210。
  2. 林玉娟(1997).癌症疼痛評估.護理新象,7(4),9-29。
  3. 張靜安(2003).以生活品質相關因子建構台灣癌症末期病人之存活期.未發表的碩士論文.台北:臺北醫學大學。
  4. 鍾孟樺(2005).台灣肝癌患者之症狀群及現象.未發表的碩士論文.台北:台北醫學大學。
  5. Abdel-Latif, M. M. M., O’Riordan, J. M., Ravi, N., Kelleher, D., & Reynolds, J. V. (2005). Activated nuclear fctor-kappa B and cytokine profiles in the esophagus parallel tumor regression following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. Diseases of the Esophagus, 18(4), 246-252.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張靜宜(2008)。肝癌病人放射線累積劑量、細胞激素濃度與症狀嚴重度相關性之縱貫分析。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-122。 
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