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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 何雪珍(1997)•護理科應屆畢業生憂鬱傾向及其與生活壓力、社會支持、自殺傾向之相關性探討•未發表的碩士論文,高雄醫學大學,高雄。
    2. 李逸(2004)•公共衛生護士工作壓力感受、因應策略與壓力結果之探討-以互動型工作壓力模式為架構•臺灣衛誌,23(5),398-405。
    3. 余斯光(1999)•應屆畢業新進護理人員對工作環境的知覺與因應策略•未發表的碩士論文,高雄醫學大學,高雄。
    4. 余春娣(2005)•門診重鬱症病患生活品質及其相關因素之探討•未發表的碩士論文,臺灣大學,台北。
    5. 林佑樺(2003)•新進護理人員感受臨床護理工作挫折之探討•慈濟護理雜誌,2(4),83-92。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 李玉媚(2010)。三個月內離職之新進護理人員職場經驗初探。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2010。1-102。 
    2. 蔡碧藍(2010)。護專學生實習期間之壓力、及認知行為團體輔導方案對其壓力反應效果之研究。政治大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-352。
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