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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 臺灣菸害防治年報(2009)•Smoke-Free Taiwan(ISSN:1994-7119)•行政院衛生署國民健康局編印。
  2. 許憲呈(2004)•學童二手菸暴露與尿液中尼古丁分析研究計畫•(DOH-BHP-Anti-Tobacco-G03)•臺北:行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  3. 陳品玲、邱弘毅、徐建業(2006)•民國九十五年高中職生吸菸行為調查-菸害防制次級資料分析暨網頁建置三年計畫-成果報告•臺北:行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  4. 陳品玲、邱弘毅、徐建業(2007)•民國九十六年國中生吸菸行為調查-菸害防制次級資料分析暨網頁建置三年計畫-成果報告•臺北:行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  5. 陳品玲、邱弘毅、徐建業(2005)•民國九十四年成年人吸菸行為調查-菸害防制次級資料分析暨網頁建置三年計畫-成果報告•臺北:行政院衛生署國民健康局。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 梁宜芬(2014)。影響國中生吸菸行為相關因素之研究:以桃園縣為例。臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2014。1-175。
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