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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王瑋(2006)•新制醫院評鑑基準說明—第六章適切的護理照護. 於財團法人醫院評鑑暨醫療品質策進會主辦,95年度新制醫院評鑑及教學醫院評鑑說明會•台北:台北市府親子劇場。
  2. 天群醫療企業股份有限公司(2006)•磁扣式約束帶使用說明。
  3. 江明珠、許玲女、陳翠娥、郭美玲(1999)•護理人員對身體約束知識與態度之探討•長庚護理,10(1),42-50。
  4. 明勇、孟祥岳、范保羅(2002)•「身體約束的使用」臨床評估與應用•慈濟護理雜誌,1(24),24-29。
  5. 財團法人醫院評鑑暨醫療品質策進會(1999)•台灣醫療品質指標計畫-急性照護品質指標執行手冊•台北:醫策會。
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