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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 343 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁俐月(2006)•溝通分析理論在醫病關係上的應用•諮商與輔
  2. Lawyer and Jurist,3(1),9-14。
  3. 毛漢光(2006)•人權悖論•止善,1,3-24。
  4. 王玉青(2007)•分開儒家與伊斯蘭:西方普遍人權對亞洲價值的
  5. 王冠生(2007)•中西自由主義者得人權觀—以張佛泉與羅爾斯為
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 康銀甌(2011)。比較住院病患對護理人員可信特質之知覺與護理人員自覺可信特質之差異。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-65。 
  2. 張維倫(2011)。探討公衛護士與民眾對公衛護士護理能力需求之看法-以臺北巿為例。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-156。 
  3. 許淑嬌(2011)。病人權利認知與就醫忠誠度關聯性之研究-以病人權利滿意度為中介變項。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-77。 
  4. 黃怡嘉(2017)。醫護與社工學生對身心障礙者醫療權利認知與態度之探討。中山醫學大學醫學社會暨社會工作學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-63。
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