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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林欣欣, 陳品玲, 曹麗英, 楊榮森, 蕭美君. 憂鬱症婦女骨密度及相關因素初探. 長庚護理 2008;19:162-71.
  2. 衛生署全民健保爭議審議委員會. 骨質疏鬆症:檢查及治療爭議. 台灣醫學 2002; 6:737-43.
  3. 李瑋君, 韓岳津, 吳英黛, 曹昭懿. 骨質疏鬆相關骨折住院病患之健保申報分析. 台灣醫學 2007;11:22-7.
  4. 李燕鳴. 停經女性骨質疏鬆症的篩檢及預防. 台灣醫學 2008;12:613-9.
  5. 羅煥鉅, 王梅芳, 黃立宗, 郭俞良. 跟骨定量超音波儀應用於健康篩檢之適當性評估. 中華放射醫誌 2005;30:213-6.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔣馥帆(2014)。應用資料探勘技術建構大腸直腸癌第二期病患存活之預測模式。中正大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2014。1-58。
  2. 洪詩凱(2015)。結合髖關節X光影像特徵萃取及機器學習建構骨質疏鬆之預測模式。中正大學資訊管理系醫療資訊管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-91。
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