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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江依倫(2010)。醫師服務量與院內死亡之相關性研究-以葉克膜氧合器為例。未出版碩士論文,臺北醫學大學醫務管理研究所。
  2. 李佳霖、方莉、李聖瑤、蔡桂香、韋有升(2009)。模擬實施新制DRG(Tw-DRGs)對醫療費用之影響及因應之道--以股骨轉子間骨折(210,211)為例。醫務管理期刊,10(3),153-164。
  3. 邱艷芬、吳巧雲、黃俊雄(1998)。全膝關節置換手術緊要路徑之建立與評估。慈濟醫學雜誌,10(4),311-325。
  4. 黃凱潔(2011)。模擬Tw-DRGs實施對醫院資源耗用之影響-以Cardiac Cath、PTCA及CABG為例。未出版碩士論文,臺北醫學大學醫務管理研究所。
  5. 張錦文(2005)。醫院總額支付與未來的因應措施。福爾摩莎醫務管理雜誌,1(1),1-7。
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