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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 161 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 仇方娟(2007).南區五專生健康促進生活型態及其相關因素.雄中學報,10,281-302。[Chun, F. J. (2007) . The influential determinants of health-promoting lifestyles among junior college students in southern taiwan. Kaohsiung Senior High school Journal, 10, 281-302.]
  2. 王宗倫(2009).災難醫學常見的迷思與謬誤:實證醫學觀點.輔仁醫學期刊,7(3),149-160。[Wang, T. L. (2009). Common myths and fallacies in disaster medicine: An Evidence-Based Review. Fu-Jen Journal of Medicine, 7(3), 149-160.]
  3. 石崇良、石富元(2002).醫院災難應變模式回顧與前瞻.台灣醫學,6(3),364-373。[Shih, C. L., & Shih, F.Y. (2002). Overview of hospital preparedness for disasters. Formosan Journal of Medicine, 6(3), 364-373.]
  4. 李秀現、馬先芝、許以霖、黃美智、馮瑞鶯(2010).急診護理新趨勢:災難護理的發展--以成大醫院為例.護理雜誌,57(3),26-31。[Lee, H.H., Ma, H. J., Hsu, I. L., Huang, M. C., & Feng, J. Y. (2010). New trends in emergency nursing: disaster nursing at national cheng kung university hospital. Nursing Magazine, 57(3), 26-31.]
  5. 李欣輯、楊惠萱、廖楷民、蕭代基(2009).水災社會脆弱性指標之建立.建築與規劃學報,10(3),163-182。[Li, H. C., Yang, H. H., Liao, K. M., & Shaw, D.G. (2009). Constructing social vulnerability index of flood disaster. Journal of Architecture and Planning , 10 (3),163-182.]
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