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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 191 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江惠英、鍾信心(1997)•血液透析病人疲倦感與社會支持、憂鬱傾向及血液生化檢驗植相關性探討•護理研究,5(2),115-126。
  2. 李依容(2006)•血液透析與腹膜透析病患身體活動度、骨密度、疲憊感與體適能比較之探討•未發表碩士論文•臺北醫學大學,台北。
  3. 林恆騰、林秋菊、王鈺霖、洪榮斌、林孟輝、黃文君等(2001)•末期腎病患者血液透析中之運動訓練•中華民國復健醫學會雜誌,29(2),91-98。
  4. 洪堯郎、江守山(2002)•腹膜透析病人的脂蛋白代謝異常•腎臟與透析,14(2),75-79。
  5. 鈕淑芬(2004)•透析病患之生活品質及其相關因素探討•臺灣腎臟護理學會雜誌,3(2),88-101。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃貴薰(2009)。運動方案對血液透析患者生理反應、身體功能、及生活品質之成效。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2009。1-198。 
  2. 蕭雅黛(2009)。居家規律運動訓練對血液透析病患的睡眠品質及身體活動功能之成效。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-102。
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