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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 229 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 《福建通志臺灣府》,臺灣文獻叢刊84種,臺北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室。
  2. 《斯未信齋雜錄》,臺灣文獻叢刊93種,臺北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室。
  3. 《安平縣雜記》,臺灣文獻叢刊52種,臺北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室。
  4. 丁紹儀,《東瀛識略》,臺灣文獻叢刊2種,臺北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室。
  5. 王瑛曾,《重修鳳山縣志》,臺灣文獻叢刊146種,臺北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹穆彥(2013)。疾病範疇發展與自我轉變:妥瑞症在台灣。清華大學歷史研究所學位論文。2013。1-155。 
  2. 劉鴻德(2007)。在醫療行政與醫學專業之間──邱仕榮及其同時代臺大醫院與臺灣醫學。政治大學史學研究所學位論文。2007。1-280。
  3. 張純芳(2010)。「內地人的恥辱」-日治時期臺灣傷寒之討論與防治。清華大學歷史研究所學位論文。2010。1-140。
  4. 廖佳如(2015)。台灣中部921地震後學校重建案例研究。朝陽科技大學營建工程系學位論文。2015。1-67。
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