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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 陸坤泰等,結核病診治指引 第三版,台北:衛生署疾病管制局,民97.5。
  2. 2. World Health Organization. Treatment of Tuberculosis: Guidelines for National Programmes, 3rd ed. World Health Organization Document 2003;WHO/CDS/TB/2003.313:1-108.
  3. 3. American Thoracic Society, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Infectious Disease Society of America. Treatment of tuberculosis. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2003;167:603-62.
  4. 4. Morris, Decision support and safety of clinical environment. Qual. Saf. Health Care 2002;11;69-75
  5. 7. Koppel R, Role of Computerized Physician Order Entry Systems in Facilitating Medication Errors. JAMA, 2005;293:1197-1203
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 倪健珍(2014)。建置醫院智慧型藥品管控輔助系統-以骨鬆藥物Forteo為例。臺北醫學大學醫學資訊研究所學位論文。2014。1-70。 
  2. 蕭力瑋(2014)。個人健康檢查項目推薦系統之開發:以癌症為例。中山大學資訊管理學系研究所學位論文。2014。1-142。
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