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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王珠鳳(2005)。南台灣近二十年來腸病毒之分子流行病學暨單株抗體的製備與特性分析。高雄醫學大學基礎醫學研究所碩士論文,高雄。
  2. 江大雄(2005)。台北市某市立醫院腸病毒住院病人之流行病學研究。疫情報導,21(2),80-95。
  3. 林翠莉、陳國東、王恩慈、李宜學、黃教威、徐秋菊、吳和生(2007)。1998~2006年台灣地區腸病毒重症個案血清型之分析探討與警愓。疫情報導,23(9),514-530。
  4. 涂醒哲(2001)。傳染病症狀群通報的重要性。疫情報導,17(2),66-72。
  5. 張鑾英(2002)。腸病毒71型臨床、重症危險因子、致病機轉及流行病學研究。長庚大學臨床醫學研究所博士論文,台北。
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