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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 8. 江增常(2013)。訓練品質系統對訓練績效之影響—以訓練遷移與學習動機為中介變項。未出版之博士論文,國立臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所,台北市。
    2. 10. 林金定、嚴嘉楓、陳美花(2005)。質性研究方法:訪談模式與實 施步驟分析。身心障礙研究季刊,3(2),122-136。
    3. 11. 林建山(2006)。人力資本開發與國家訓練品質保證機制。台北:行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局。
    4. 13. 林文燦、孔慶瑜、林麗玲(2009)。IIP、ISO10015與TTQS差異分析。品質月刊,45(4),52-56。
    5. 14. 林四海(2012)。企業導入TTQS後評核成功之重要關鍵因素研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立中興大學行銷學系碩士,台中市。
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