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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方世榮、張文賢、林正智(2008),中小企業跨層次社會網絡與績效之關係,中山管理評論,16 (1),83-118。
  2. 李其昌(2008),塑化業提升經營績效關鍵成功因素之探討-以某企業為例,國立台北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所。
  3. 李建瑩(2010),企業社會責任與財務績效關聯性研究-以本國金融業為例,國立勤業科技大學碩士論文。
  4. 林文玲, & 傅鍾仁. (2011). 企業社會責任之揭露對會計資訊價值攸關性-以台灣資訊電子業上市公司為例.商管科技季刊,,12(2),209-229。
  5. 林靜雯、張蓓蒂、蔡馨葳(2007),企業永續發展認知之探索研究-以製造與服務產業上市櫃公司差異為例,全球管理與經濟,3(1),95- 118。
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