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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王德睦、呂朝賢與何華欽(2003),「台灣貧窮門檻與測量的建立:FCSU的應用」。《台大社會工作學刊》, 8:1-46。
  2. 石曜合(2010),「台灣農家與非農家所得不均度之比較與分析-考量所得來源與家庭人口規模之影響」。碩士論文,生物資源暨農學院農業經濟學系研究所,國立臺灣大學。
  3. 余仲強(2011),「臺灣個人所得不均度對家庭所得不均度影響」。碩士論文,農業經濟學系研究所,國立臺灣大學。
  4. 托瑪 皮凱提((2014),「二十一世紀資本論」,衛城出版,遠足文化事業股份有限公司。
  5. 李芷蘅(2012),「影響所得分配不均之實證分析」。碩士論文,應用經濟學系所,國立中興大學。
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