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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 134 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. • 王弘志,(2013),觀光休閒相關產業類股投資之績效—以台灣股市為例,台灣首府大學學報,第四期,第47~64 頁。
  2. • 王育群,(2000),簡介「二十一世紀台灣發展觀光新戰略」,大葉學報 第九卷 第二期。
  3. • 王明元、阮成中,(2012),越南峰牙已榜國家公園的旅遊動機與滿意度之研究,休閒暨觀光產業研究,第六卷一期。
  4. • 王逸峰,(2003),從觀光行銷計畫的基本概念檢討“觀光客倍增計畫”,研考雙月刊,第二十七卷第三期。
  5. • 朱歆如,(2009),21世紀台灣經濟發展的領航性產業台灣觀光政策之現況與發展,觀光產業趨勢與展望《系列4-8》。
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