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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈中華與張元 (2008)。企業社會責任行為可以改善財務績效嗎?-以英國 FTSE 社會責任指數為例。經濟論文,中央研究院經濟研究所,36(3),339-385。
  2. 李佳禾 (2003)。生命週期評估與環境績效分析研究-以人造纖維產品為例。未出版之碩士論文,國立成功大學環境工程碩博士班,台南市。
  3. 吳慧敏 (2012)。綠色雇主品牌知覺與組織績效關係之研究-以企業綠色實務為中介變項。未出版之碩士論文,國立中央大學人力資源管理研究所,桃園縣。
  4. 段國慶 (2003)。台灣廠商環境管理策略與環保績效探索性之研究-以環保得獎廠商為例。未出版之碩士論文,中原大學企業管理所,桃園縣。
  5. 祝道松、盧正宗、洪晨桓與楊秀萍 (2008)。環境績效對環境揭露與經濟績效的影響。當代會計,9(2),237-270。
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