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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王曼瑜,臺灣與英國離職後競業禁止條款之比較法研究:以有效性判斷標準與代償措施之研究為中心,元照出版,2015年3月,頁134以下。
  2. 王偉霖,論我國引進營業秘密法不可避免揭露理論(Inevitable Disclosure Theory)之可行性與適用限制,萬國法律雜誌社,第203期,2015年10月,頁24以下
  3. 李建良,經濟管制的平等思維-兼評大法官有關職業暨營業自由之憲法解釋,政大法學評論,第102期,2008年4月,頁78以下。
  4. 曾勝珍,「美國離職後競業禁止條款」之適用探討-兼比較我國法,國立中正大學法學集刊,第14期,2004年8月,頁411以下。
  5. 楊智傑,從基本國策執行檢討違憲審查模式:兼論財產權與基本國策衝突,中正大學法學集刊,第28期,2010年1月,頁5以下。
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