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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 朱文洋 葉淑娟,中小型醫院經營策略與營運績效之探討-以平衡記分卡觀點分析,醫務管理期刊,2 卷,2 期,P.109-136,民國90年6月。
  2. 6. 朱文洋,中小型醫院經營策略與營運績效之探討-以平衡計分卡觀點分析,國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文,民國90年6月。
  3. 17. 陳韻靜,醫院策略型態與績效評估指標之現況及其相關性研究-以平衡計分卡觀點分析,民92年。
  4. 3. Kaplan R. S. and Norton D. P.,(1996), The Balanced Scorecard: Translating Strategy into Action Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
  5. 4. Kaplan R. S. and Norton D. P., (2001), The Strategy-Focused Organization: How Balanced Scorecard companies Thrive in the New Business Environment Boston, Harvard Business School Press, p.9-17.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林毅志(2012)。地區醫院應用平衡計分卡導入心導管中心的模式探討。臺灣大學會計與管理決策組學位論文。2012。1-79。 
  2. 陳鈺婷(2007)。轉型醫療環境下台灣私立綜合醫院經營策略之研究 --以敏盛綜合醫院為個案。臺灣大學商學研究所學位論文。2007。1-73。 
  3. 羅振瑞(2008)。醫療產業後勤個案研究以盛弘醫藥股份有限公司為例。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-85。
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