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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 17 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Altinkemer, K. and B. Gavish , “Parallel Savings Based Heuristics for the Delivery Problem ,” Operations Research, Vol.39, No.3, pp.456-469, 1991.
  2. 2. Altinkemer, K., B. Kazaz, M. Koksalan and H. Moskowitz, “Optimization of Printed Circuit Board Manufacturing: Integrated Modeling and Algorithms,” European Journal of Operational Research, Vol.124, pp.409-421, 2000.
  3. 3. Ball, M.O. and M.J. Magazine, “Sequencing of Insertions in Printed Circuit Board Assembly,” Operations Research, Vol.36, No.2, pp.192-201, 1988.
  4. 4. Christopher, B.L., “An On-line Batching Algorithm for a Single Automatic Insertion Machine with Fixed Cost Setups,” Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers , pp.188-191, 1988.
  5. 5. Crama, Y.K., A. Oerlemans and F. Spieksma, “Throughout Rate Optimization in the Automated Assembly of Printed Circuit Boards,” Annals of Operations Research, Vol.26, pp.455-480, 1990.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林家嘉(2003)。PCB插件整合最佳化問題解算法之研究-以CNC機器為例。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2003。1-96。
  2. 方英傑(2003)。蟻群演算法應用於PCB小元件插置順序問題之研究。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2003。1-0。
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