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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7 行政院金融監督管理委員會(2004)發佈「銀行資本適足性管理辦法」。
  2. 10 沈中華與王健安(2002),是「粗心放款者」,還是「壞的借款者」使銀行經營績效低落,台灣金融財務季刊第三輯第一期,第141-158頁。
  3. 15 林正旺(2002),「以經濟附加價值(EVA)評估商業銀行之經營績效」,元智大學資訊管理學研究所未出版碩士論文。
  4. 41 陳俊銘(2003),「全球銀行業財務危機與風險管理之研究」-以Panel data模型為實證,中原大學企業管理學系未出版之碩士論文。
  5. 56 陳錦村與劉永欽(2002),如何檢視免列報逾期放款之財務行為,台灣金融財務季刊第三輯第一期,第65-80頁。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 彭盛謀(2016)。台灣銀行業財務績效對資產品質指標之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-53。 
  2. 張振芳(2012)。國內銀行存放款成長率與資產品質之相關性研究。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2012。1-61。
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