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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. A. S. Alfa, S. S. Heragu, and M. Chen, “A 3-opt Based Simulated Annealing Algorithm for Vehicle Routing Problem,” Computers & Industrial Engineering, vol. 21, pp. 635-639, 1991.
    2. J. E. Beasley, “Route-First Cluster-Second Methods for Vehicle Routing,” Omega, vol. 11, pp. 403-408, 1983.
    3. L. Bodin and L. Berman, “Routing and Scheduling of school buses by computer,” Transportation Science, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 113-129, 1979.
    4. L. Bodin and S. Kursh, “A detailed Description of a Street Sweeper Routing and Scheduling System,” Computers and Operations Research, vol. 6, pp. 191-198, 1979.
    5. L. Bodin and S. Kursh, “A Computer-Assisted System for the Routing and Scheduling of Street Sweepers,” Operations Research, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 525-537, 1978.
    Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
    1. 楊淑芳(2006)。以巨集啟發式演算法求解即時資訊下之中型車共乘問題。淡江大學運輸管理學系碩士班學位論文。2006。1-119。 
    2. 李美儀(2015)。車輛路線相關問題之回顧與國內發展之分析。交通大學運輸與物流管理學系學位論文。2015。1-123。 
    3. 鄭廷棟(2013)。應用蟻群最佳化演算法求解越庫作業系統的車輛途程與卡車排序問題。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2013。1-109。 
    4. 簡銓蔚(2013)。粒子群演算法應用於具容量限制的開放式車輛途程問題。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2013。1-67。 
    5. 林奇霆(2012)。變動鄰域搜尋法於IC載板鑽孔路徑問題之應用。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2012。1-89。 
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