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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 任忠敏,「影響實施TQM成效與挑戰國家品質獎關鍵因素實證研究」,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文,中壢,1999。
  2. 3. 林立偉,「技術創業的評估」,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文,中壢,1999。
  3. 13. 黃鉦傑,「以ISO9000為基於醫療院所推展TQM之研究」,元智大學工業工程研究所碩士論文,2000。
  4. 18. 鄭榮郎、郭倉義,「6σ整合經營策略模式架構初探」,中華民國品質學會第三十七屆年會暨第七屆全國品質管理研討會論文集, 715-725,2001。
  5. 28. Benbasat, I., D. Goldstein and M. Mead, “The case research strategy in studies of information system,” MIC Quarterly, 11, 3, 369-386, 1987.
Times Cited (24) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳東陽(2015)。ISO 9001:2015結合精實生產之個案研究。成功大學工業與資訊管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-48。 
  2. 馮勳烈(2010)。六標準差應用於傳統樹脂製造業之品質改善研究。成功大學工程管理碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-92。 
  3. 張效瑜(2008)。探討台灣製造業管理制度推行流程與關鍵因素。清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系學位論文。2008。1-123。 
  4. 黃薇如(2010)。政府單位資訊部門進行CMMI流程改善的案例研究。交通大學管理學院碩士在職專班資訊管理組學位論文。2010。1-124。 
  5. 陳明昌(2008)。新產品開發階段導入 6 SIGMA 之研究。臺北科技大學製造科技研究所學位論文。2008。1-115。 
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