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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 9. 滕清生,遠距教學的發展及在博物館之應用,博物館學季刊,12:1,頁67-70,民國八十七年。
  2. 2. Alan Schwartz, Managing Mailing lists, O’Reilly, Sebastopol, 1998
  3. 3. Louis Rosenfeld and Peter Morville, Information Architecture for the World Wide Web, O’Reilly, Sebastopol, 1998.
  4. 5. Johnson, D.W., Johnson, R.T.,Cooperation and competion : Theory and research, Edina, MN: Interaction Book Company, 1989.
  5. 6. Keegan, D., The Foundations of Distance Education.,London: Croom Helm.,1986
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳世杰(2008)。衛星教育平臺對壽險業務人員教育訓練效果之研究-- 以C壽險公司為例。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-108。 
  2. 蘇俊吉(2007)。網路輔助教學、學習風格對學習成就影響之研究—以國中社會領域為例—。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-238。 
  3. 趙文玉(2003)。學習活動的型態對e-Learning之學習滿意度的影響-兩所大學網路社群之比較研究。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士班學位論文。2003。1-71。
  4. 黃莉雯(2004)。數位學習管理系統與個人屬性對使用者滿意度之研究-以台灣知識庫數位學堂為例。亞洲大學國際企業學系碩士班學位論文。2004。1-109。
  5. 王文良(2007)。影響國立空中大學學生網路學習滿意度相關因素之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-121。
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