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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. Kenji Kanayama, Yoshimasa Fujikawa, Koichi Fujimoto and Masanobu Horino, “Development of vehicle-license number recognition system using real-time image processing and its application to travel-time measurement,” The 41st IEEE VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE 1991, pp. 798-804, 1991
  2. 5. J.R. Cowell, “Syntactic pattern recognizer for vehicle identification numbers,” Image and Vision Computing, Vol.13, No.1, pp. 13-19, 1995.
  3. 7. J. Serra, Image Analysis and Mathematical Morphology, Academic Press, New York, 1982.
  4. 8. J.R. Parker, Algorithms for Image Processing and Computer Vision, Wiley, New York, 1996.
  5. 9. N. Otsu,”A threshold selection method from gray-level histo-grams,” IEEE Transaction on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol. SMC-9, pp.62-66, 1979.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉國偉(2005)。移動中車牌定位系統之設計與實作。臺北科技大學電機工程系所學位論文。2005。1-71。 
  2. 魏銪志(2000)。動態多標的車牌辨識系統之研究。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2000。1-59。
  3. 蔡明志(2000)。神經網路應用於字元的不變性辨識。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2000。1-115。
  4. 王振興(2003)。多標的汽機車車牌辨識系統之研究。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2003。1-54。
  5. 楊登凱(2006)。車牌辨識系統之建立與應用。臺北科技大學車輛工程系所學位論文。2006。1-64。
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