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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] Edmund F. Santa Vicca, "The Internet as a Reference and Research Tool: a Model for Educators", The Reference Librarian 41/42(1994):p228.
  2. [4] Belkin N.j. and Croft W.B., "Information Filtering and Information Retrieval: Two Side of the Same Coin" , Communication of ACM, December, 1992
  3. [7] Lee-Feng Chien and Hsiao-Tieh Pu, "Important issues on Chinese Information Retrieval," Computational Linguistics and Chinese Language Processing 1 (Aug. 1996): 205-221.
  4. [14] Lee-Feng Chien, et al., "尋易"(Csmart)-A High-performance Chinese Document Retrieval System. Proceedings of the 1995 Int. Conf. On Computer Processing of Oriental Languages, Hawaii, USA, Nov. 1995.
  5. [15] Lee-Feng Chien, "PAT-Tree Based Keyword Extraction for Chinese Information Retrieval" ACM SIGIR(1997)
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳秋蓮(2006)。以無線網路為基礎之定位研究及其應用。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2006。1-60。 
  2. 蔡明志(2000)。神經網路應用於字元的不變性辨識。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2000。1-115。
  3. 邱顯正(2000)。網際網路上產品資訊擷取代理人雛形之設計與建置。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2000。1-50。
  4. 謝超煒(2000)。網際網路資訊擷取過濾系統─中文關鍵頁超搜尋代理人。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2000。1-61。
  5. 吳志鴻(2001)。應用關鍵頁搜尋及知識分類技術於Q&A系統之研究與設計。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2001。1-56。
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