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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王亞屏,「什麼是六標準差?六標準差如何運作」,品質月刊,2003年3月。
  2. 4. 六標準差黑帶訓練簡章,工業技術研究院系統與航太技術發展中心,2003年12月。
  3. 6. 江濱崗,「達成6 Sigma管理的策略」,中華民國品質學會,2002年2月。
  4. 11. 凌遠芳,「六標準差系統模式」,品質月刊,2003年1月。
  5. 12. 曹志毅,「品質學會品質專業人員認證之必要性及其運用」,品質月刊,2004年4月。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林鶴年(2012)。產業技術傳承方式之研究--- 一個包含師徒制與教導之新模型。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2012。1-98。 
  2. 鄒嘉瑜(2006)。六個標準差應用於國民中學總務行政可行性之研究。臺灣師範大學教育政策與行政研究所學位論文。2006。1-189。
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