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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 2 Baker, Sunny and Baker, Kim, " Mine cover matter ", Journal of Business Strategy, July/August 1998
    2. 3 Baldursson, M. Fridrik, " Modeling the price of industrial commodities ", Economic Modeling 16, pp.331-353, 1999
    3. 4 Batt, E.Carl and Katz, E. James, " Consumer spending behavior and telecommunications services A multi-method inquiry ", Telecommunication Policy, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp.23-46, 1998
    4. 6 Childers, L. Terry and Viswanathan, Madhubalan, " Representation of Numerical and Verbal Product Information in Consumer Memory ", Jounral of Business Research 47, pp.109-120 ,2000
    5. 7 Chung, Michael H.and Manninon, Michael, Introduction to Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, IEEE Proc.31st Annual Hawaii Intern. Conference on System Science, 1998
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 薛雅云(2004)。應用類神經網路於休閒事業顧客關係管理之研究-以賞鯨生態旅遊為例。亞洲大學資訊工程學系碩士班學位論文。2004。1-125。
    2. 林威宏(2011)。醫學美容產業競爭策略之研究-以AKEE公司個人美容儀器為例。朝陽科技大學企業管理系學位論文。2011。1-133。
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